نویسنده : Arvan

Arvancloud DNS Records Management

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Each device connected to the internet interacts through a unique IP address. As remembering numbers is more complicated than remembering names, domains appear to eliminate the need to memorize IP addresses. DNS translates domain names to Ip addresses and vice versa.
DNS uses a group of records to store and manage all the necessary domain information. In this solution, the types of DNS records and their management in the Arvancloud user panel are fully explained.

DNS Record Types

To identify and manage DNS records in Arvancloud user panel, go to “Cloud DNS” product and then “Records management”. A guide to DNS records and their management instructions are presented in the following sections:

A-Records (Host Address)

Address record stores a domain name and IP address of a physical server hosting the domain.
To configure this record, enter the following details:
Name: You should enter your domain and subdomain here. Using ‘@’ in this section means you are pointing to your main domain. The domain name entered here must be in the following format:

  • Domain names can only begin with letters and numbers. No other characters (#, $, ...) are allowed.
  • Domain names can only end with letters and numbers.
  • Domain names can only use letters and numbers. No other characters (such as @, #, ...) are allowed.
  • The domain name can be up to 63 characters.
  • Value: Enter the IP address hosting your main website

Time to Live (TTL) indicates the period that the Arvancloud servers can keep this record in its cache memory. To learn more about this field, follow “What is the meaning of Time to Live in DNS records?”

AAAA Record

The AAAA record is similar to the A record, but it allows you to store a domain and its corresponding Ipv6 address. The configuration of this record is also similar to A record’s, but on the value field, you need to enter IPv6 pointing to your main hosting server.
Name Server Record, NS Record
DNS record indicates a DNS server that contains all the records of a domain. Every domain hosts several NS records, one of which points to the primary DNS server and others to the secondary DNS servers.
Please bear in mind that you only need to identify this record on Arvancloud record management panel in special cases.

TXT Record

TXT record contains text information, and it is used for various purposes, including ownership verification of a mail and identifying DKIM and SPF records.
To identify this record, enter the following details:
Type: TXT
Title: @ (pointing to your main domain)
Value: TXT string
If you want to identify SPF or DKIM records, follow the instructions to learn how to create compatible TXT strings.
What is SPF record and how to set it on Arvancloud User panel
What is DKIM record and how to set it on Arvancloud User panel

SRV record

SRV record is used to identify computers that host a specific server. To identify this record in the “Record Management” section, enter the following details:
Record Type: SRV
Name: service._proto.example.com_@ (for example: sip_tcp.example.com_@)
Port: Port number on which the server is running
Value: String; exampledomain.com
If you want to identify multiple SRV records, you can set value and priority based on your preferences.
Mail Exchange Record or Mx Record
MX record identifies mail servers responsible for accepting incoming mails on behalf of your domain name. This record should always point to a domain, not to an IP address.
To configure this record, enter the following details:
Name: domain name or @ character
Value: domain receiving mail server
If you have multiple mail servers, you can configure several MX records and identify higher-priority mail servers.

CNAME record or Canonical Name record

A CNAME record is responsible for mapping a domain name to another domain. For example, if users enter example.com in their browser, they are redirected to the domain example1.com. This record is similar to MX record and does not directly point to an IP address.
To identify this record, enter the following details:
Name: Domain name or subdomain to which clients’ requests are sent at the first level
Value: Domain name toward which requests are pointed
ANAME Record
ANAME record is a combination of A record and CNAME record. Unlike CNAME records, ANAME records point a name to a specific IP.
The below link shows how this record works:
ANAME record and its configuration on Arvancloud user panel

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